Why Russia did not support the resolution on Libya?
The resolution also calls on the warring parties in Libya to express their commitment to a continuous ceasefire and allows an international operation to monitor compliance in the country
Moscow was disappointed by the UN Security Council resolution on Libya, Russia’s Permanent Representative to the organization, Vasily Nebenzya, said during his speech after the Security Council’s vote.
He explained that the Russian side abstained from voting on the draft resolution prepared by Great Britain and Germany, because it does not have a “clear understanding of the readiness of all Libyan parties to implement this decision.”
Initially, according to Nebenzya, Russia was interested in the decisions reached at the January conference in Berlin to be agreed upon and implemented. “However, the way further work was unfolding at the UN site makes us think that many were simply interested in quickly adopting a Security Council resolution, regardless of how it will be implemented,” the Permanent Representative said.
On the eve of Russia abstained from voting on the resolution proposed by Britain. However, it was supported by 14 countries, so the UN Security Council adopted the document. He consolidates the results of the Berlin conference on Libya, held in the German capital in mid-January. In particular, the authors insist that the UN arms embargo is fully respected in the country.
The resolution also calls on the warring parties in Libya to express their commitment to a continuous ceasefire and allows an international operation to monitor compliance in the country. The document also mentioned the promise of conference participants in Berlin to refrain from interfering in the conflict between the Libyan National Army (LNA) under the leadership of Field Marshal Khalifa Haftar and the National Consensus Government (UNC), created with the support of the United Nations and led by Faiz Sarraj.
According to German Foreign Minister Heiko Maas, the adoption by the UN Security Council of a resolution on Libya is a big step forward in resolving the conflict. According to him, “intensive negotiations on this issue in New York” were worth it.
Maas called on all international players to take the Security Council’s decision seriously and to comply fully with the arms embargo on Libya.
“The successful start of the 5 + 5 negotiations proved that now is the time to join efforts to find a political solution to the conflict in Libya. We will also emphasize this during a meeting of foreign ministers on Sunday, ”the German minister said.
An international meeting on Libya is scheduled for February 16. It will be held on the sidelines of the Munich Security Conference.
The resolution adopted by the Security Council on Libya was approved by the Foreign Ministry of the PNS, RIA Novosti was told by head of the department Mohammed at-Taher Siyala.
This document consolidated the results of the international conference on Libya, which was held in Berlin on January 19. In addition to Haftar and Sarraj, representatives of the United Nations, Russia, the USA, Egypt, Turkey and several other countries, including the European Union, who agreed on a comprehensive plan to resolve the conflict, participated in it.
The main outcome of these negotiations is the appeal of the parties to the conflict to a ceasefire in Libya and the obligation on conference participants to refrain from interfering in the situation, observing the arms embargo on the country.
Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrrov said that the parties to the conflict agreed to delegate five people each to a specially created military committee.
This structure will operate under the control of the UN and will be engaged in the “development of confidence building measures,” the head of the foreign ministry explained.
After the Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi was ousted and killed in 2011, Libya, as a single state, virtually ceased to exist – now there is dual power in the country. The parliament elected by the people sits in the east. In the west, in the capital of Tripoli, is a government of national accord formed with the support of the UN and the European Union. The authorities of the eastern part of the state function independently of Tripoli and cooperate with the Haftar army. Armed clashes regularly occur between the parties. [end]